As with any craft, there are fundamental techniques which should always be considered regardless of the job, model, or location. Even working professionals, myself included, overlook general rules from time to time and occasionally need to be reminded.
A few months back I came across the YouTube channel of Ed Gregory whose site is titled Photos in Color. Ed’s channel is chock full of amazing tutorials for beginners and pros with topics ranging from Adobe software to cinematic color grading. One article in particular inspired me the day of a shoot when I was finding trouble getting motivated: AWESOME Portrait Photography tips you could be doing today. The article reminded me of some key concepts to successfully capturing a beautiful portrait and inspired me to try something different for my own shoot that afternoon. In this comprehensive tutorial shot on location in the Bahamas, Ed provides eleven useful tips for making the most of your next portrait session. Here is a brief synopsis.
When choosing a location for your portrait, be sure the model is not in direct sunlight and ideally, in a open shade or closed shaded environment. Furthermore, when shooting a headshot avoid shooting into a complex background and instead, choose one that is simple with few distractions to focus attention on your subject.
Think about the quality of light falling on your model. Does it look ideal to shoot in harsh, midday light? Probably not. Instead, place them near a door or a window where the light can softly enter the room providing even illumination and fewer edgy shadows. If necessary, use a reflector to fill in areas under the chin where shadows have a tendency to appear.
For general headshots, try and have your lens at eye level with your subject. Shooting from a higher elevation portrays a sense of innocence vs. a lower elevation which is more heroic. If shooting a more commercial style, these effects may be more desirable.
4. Camera Setup
Shoot with a wide aperture but avoid anything wider than f2.8 particularly for headshots. In his example, Ed uses an 85mm lens at f3.2 to ensure the eyes remain sharp which brings me to his next point…
5. Focus on the Eyes
Without a doubt, be sure your focal point is the subject’s eyes. If the eyes are out of focus, the shot is ruined. Period. If the model is posed at an angle to the camera, focus on the eye closest to the camera as it will be the first point of interest to viewers.
6. Cropping is OK
This point may go against the beliefs of some but in real world application, this tip can save you a lot of hassle in post. Avoid shooting the exact frame around your subject that you are ultimately looking for. While cropping might seem less than ideal due to a slight loss of resolution, most digital cameras in today’s world pack more than enough pixels for a bit of cropping and leaving space around your frame ensures nothing is accidentally cut out of the shot, like a shoulder or the top of a head.
7. Communication is Key
Awkward silence = BAD for photos. Develop a rapport with your subject, ask them questions about their day, make them laugh, anything to keep them engaged and interested. And smile. It is proven that a smile is contagious and emanating happiness on set will make you model feel the same.
8. Posing and Expression
Don’t simply fire away continuously with the same pose. Ask your model to turn to one side and look back at camera. Reposition them directly. Typically, after enough tries they will begin to feel comfortable and manage this process on their own. BE SURE and pay attention to their posture and have them open their shoulders for a more a natural look.
9. Wardrobe and Styling
This is one of the most common aspects of portraiture left to chance. The model simply shows up the day of with whatever they felt like wearing. Wrong. Determine what the model is wanting photos for and how they will be used. Plan out a variety of clothing options and if at all possible, have a makeup artist on set.
10. Fix Any Issues
Again, don’t blow through a hundred shots in 5 minutes just because you can. Take your time. Look for wrinkled clothing or hair that is out of place. Make sure your model isn’t sweating or overtly shiny. Anything that you find yourself justifying as a fix in post, stop and fix it NOW. It will save you an enormous amount of time.
11. Always Get the Shot!!
Above all else, be sure and come prepared to get every shot you need. Plan out a shot list, visit the location beforehand to scout the area and become familiar with the terrain, check your gear the night before, and arrive early! Being prepared is crucial and not only will it out you at ease but it will be obvious to your subject with the same effect.
[All Images Used with Permission]